Portfolio Companies

Germanium and Applications

Germanium-based Products for Optical- and Nanoelectronic Equipment

Operating Factories

Shareholders in Portfolio Company 
RUSNANO, private co-investors

Industry Sector 
New materials (Nanomaterials)

Production Location 
Novomoskovsk, Tula Oblast
Novoshakhtinsky, Primorsk Krai
Jobs created: 150

Investment Started:  2009

Total Budget

2.17  bln rubles
Co-investment by RUSNANO
0.8  bln rubles

Vertically integrated production of germanium-based products: disks, bars, plates, and spherical blanks for lenses

In November 2011 Germanium and Applications launched new hightechnology production of electro-optical components in Novomoskovsk, in Tula Oblast. The plant is equipped with advanced measuring tools and other state-of-the-art equipment, like the numerically controlled machinery for preparing spheres and equipment to fine grind and polish optical lenses and substrates.

Production of germanium and germanium-containing components is part of a large-scale manufacturing complex belonging to Germanium and Applications that is being expanded with RUSNANO. Germaniumrich coal is extracted at the company’s mines in Primorsky Krai. A few kilometers from the coal field, the company has introduced a unique process for manufacturing germanium concentrate.

Germanium and Applications is the only vertically integrated producer of germanium in Russia. When plant expansion is completed in 2013, the company will be set to pursue world-leading production of this strategic element.

Areas of application

  • Chemical industry
  • Metallurgy
  • Electronics and lighting
  • Alternative energy
  • Medicine


  • Producers of infrared instruments and devices, thermal imagers, solar panels for space applications, and other high-tech areas

Competitive advantages

  • Proprietary mineral base in Primorsky Krai with one of the world’s richest reserves of germanium ore
  • Vertically integrated production, reducing dependence on imports and other external factors

Germanium is used in optics, semiconductor electronics, medicine, and other areas. Optics containing germanium are used in night vision equipment. Germanium is a key input for photovoltaic equipment—for high performance and space applications. In the lighting industry, germanium is used as a reagent in production of luminescent materials; in the chemical industry, as a catalyst; in metallurgy, germanium is used to produce special alloys. Pharmacology uses germanium as an ingredient in bioactive additives and in anticancer drugs. Germanium is at the foundation of many solutions in nanotechnology.