Technologies That Change the World for the Better
RUSNANO turns 13 this year. Although this number is considered “unfortunate”, the company and its “wards” refute this opinion because 126 enterprises have been built, 13 nanocenters have been created, and more than 800 startups have been launched thanks to the investments of the RUSNANO Group.
Some projects implemented with the support of the company are unique for our country, and some are able to run circles around foreign counterparts. Today we will tell about thirteen (equal to the number of years lived by the company) technologies and products that appeared in Russia for the first time, the introduction of which makes people’s lives more comfortable, the environment—cleaner, and the state—less vulnerable. By the way, 2020 is also marked by actual breakthroughs, which we will now tell about.
Nanoscale Chip from the Micron Group of Companies
Such chips are used in chips, transport, bank cards, etc.
Micron is the only Russian manufacturer of products based on topological standards from 250 to 65 nanometers (in other words, one nanometer is equal to one blnth of a meter). The company produces up to 4 bln chips a year and covers more than half of Russian microelectronics exports.
Unsurprisingly, apart from Russia, only seven of the world’s most advanced countries are capable of producing such products, including Taiwan, China, Korea, the USA, Israel, Germany, and Japan. By the way, it was the Micron chips that were used in the fans’ passports during the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia.
The Baikal-M processor Manufactured by Baikal Electronics is the First Russian Processor for Personal Computers and Laptops
The company specializes in the design of the ARM- and MIPS-based integrated chips and crystal systems. The company’s products are designed to be used in the energy-efficient computer and industrial systems with different performance and functionality. In 2020 alone, seven promising systems were created on their basis, including the Depo Electronics computer, 3Logic’s Graviton monoblock, the Aurora OS-based information kiosk, and the manufacture of the first Russian desktop supercomputer. Needless to say, that proprietary processor is very important for the military and security forces.
Wind Farms of the Wind Energy Development Fund Based on Localized Wind Farms
The fund was established in 2017 by RUSNANO in conjunction with the Finnish Fortum company and won the right to build almost 2 GW of wind generation in Russia. The first result of the cooperation was the launch of the 50 MW industrial wind farm in the Ulyanovsk Region. To date, more than 350 MW of wind farms have been built in the Ulyanovsk and Rostov Regions. However, RUSNANO not only builds wind farms, but also develops domestic production of key components of wind turbines in partnership with Danish Vestas. Enterprises for the production of blades in Ulyanovsk, towers—in Taganrog, and gondolas—in Nizhny Novgorod have already been created.
Lithium-ion Battery by Liotech from Novosibirsk
Liotech is the only industrial manufacturer of lithium-ion cells in Russia on which modern energy storage systems are based. The plant’s capacity is 128 MWh of batteries per year. Liotech’s products are installed in more than 200 trolleybuses with an elongated run (40 km of mileage on a single charge) and electric buses with night charging. Liotech battery cells as part of energy storage are used at solar plants in Bashkiria, Baikal, Kemerovo region, Yakutia, and Tuva. The plan is to manufacture batteries for eco-friendly hybrid locomotives.
Solar Stations and Modules by the Hevel Group of Companies
Hevel is the only Russian manufacturer of full-cycle solar cells, from cells and modules to industrial power plants. The company’s plant in Novocheboksarsk is capable of producing 350 MW of high-performance single and bilateral solar modules per year based on heterostructural technology developed in St. Petersburg. The average efficiency of such equipment is 23.5 percent, which allows Hevel to be one of the top 5 solar cell manufacturers in the world.
GTD-110M High-capacity Gas Power Turbine
The development is the brainchild of three Russian state-owned companies at once, in particular, RUSNANO as an investor in modernization, Inter RAO in terms of thermal generation, and Rostec which has completed a full production cycle. The turbine has no domestic analogues in the 90-130 MW power class and in terms of its technical characteristics (the efficiency over 36 percent) it is not inferior to Siemens and General Electric products, and even outperforms Western counterparts in terms of cost and dimensions. The unit confirmed the reliability of the work during the pilot operation, having worked more than 5,700 hours at a special test stand in Ivanovo.
The OCSiAl Graphene Nanotubes
They can significantly improve the mechanical properties, electrical and thermal conductivity of various materials (rubber, composites, and polymers). The capacity of OCSiAl production in Novosibirsk is 80 tons per year, and only Russia has the technology of industrial production of graphene nanotubes. Therefore, the Novosibirsk company holds about 90 percent of the world market. By the way, ROSNANO was the first external investor to believe in this technology. OCSiAl has become the first company in the RUSNANO’s portfolio to exceed $1 bln. In 2019, it was included in the global lists of “unicorn” companies (the startups whose capitalization reached this amount) from Crunchbase (The Crunchbase Unicorn Leaderboard) and CBInsights (The Global Unicorn Club).
High-precision Cancer Diagnosis by PET Technology
The PET/CT method (positron emission tomography/computed tomography) is a modern and promising way to detect cancer in more than 100 countries. In 15 regions of Russia, 16 PET Technology centers have been opened, and two in-house productions of radiopharmaceuticals are operating. Over eight years, 180,000 patients have been diagnosed here, and more than 1.8 thousand have been covered by non-invasive radiotherapy using the Cyber Knife. MedInvestGroup, which includes PET Technology, plans to open 40 more PET/CT centers in the regions by 2025, as well as develop modern radiation therapy based on linear accelerators.
Flexible Screen by the Russian Flexible Electronics Center (RFEC)
In flexible electronics, Russia has a chance to master advanced technologies at the same time as world leaders. The Troitsk RCGE produces key components for a wide range of electronic devices, such as TFT matrices for displays (electronic paper, LCD screens, OLED displays) and sensors (biometric sensors, X-ray detectors), as well as integrated circuits for radio frequency tags and sensors. This was made possible by the development of the technology of making TFT matrices on a plastic substrate. The Troitsk Center is capable of producing 4,000 square meters of flexible, shock-resistant, and light electronics per year.
Optical Fiber for High-speed Internet by Optical Fiber Systems
The Saransk plant is the Russia’s only manufacturer of optical fiber, the foundation of modern communication networks. It is set up to produce the products needed for the development of 5G networks and the implementation of the National Digital Economy project. The plant’s customers include Russian telecom operators Rostelecom and MTS. The Saransk products are exported to 14 countries, including 5 EU countries. The company produces 4 mln kilometers of optical fiber per year, covering about half of the domestic market needs.
Nanolek Is the Manufacturer of Import Substitution and Innovative Medicines
A Russian biopharmaceutical company has been operating in the Kirov region since 2014. During the pandemic in the spring-summer of 2020, the pharmaceutical company actively joined the fight against the coronavirus infection. The production of hydroxychloroquine, a drug included in the COVID-19 treatment regimens, was mastered. Together with the Efferon company, Nanolek began to produce Efferon CT sorption columns for the relief of the cytokine storm and the treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), as well as the Efferon LPS device for the treatment of sepsis and septic shock. Both medical products are used in Russian clinics to treat the COVID-19 complications.
ELVIS-NeoTech Smart Security Systems
Developer and manufacturer of video surveillance systems using image recognition technology, computer vision, radar, video, and thermal imaging. Here, for the first time in Russia, a VIP-1 processor with a transistor size of 40 nanometers has been created, with the help of which computer vision systems are able to distinguish and classify any objects at high speed. Security systems are used to protect government facilities, thermal power plants and industry facilities, as well as airports and the Bezopasniy Gorod complexes. This spring, the company created Rubezh-T—a pandemic-related system to automatically measure the temperature and control the movement of citizens with potentially dangerous symptoms.
The Permian Promobot is the largest manufacturer of autonomous service robots in Russia and North and Eastern Europe. In 40 countries they are used as administrators, promoters, consultants, guides, and concierges. Thermocontrol terminals, which are used to automatically control the body temperature, are among the latest company developments. Today, this technique is used by many companies around the world to protect personnel, and demand for it is due to the high accuracy of measurement up to 0.2 degrees, the average speed of measurement of 5 seconds, and the ability to work without human participation.