From nuclear medicine to guide bots: 13 top RUSNANO Group projects
The RUSNANO Group (RUSNANO JSC, Management Company RUSNANO and the Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs) celebrated its 13th anniversary in 2020.
During this time, thanks to the Group’s investments, 126 enterprises were built in 37 regions of Russia, 13 nanotechnology centers were opened, 811 start-ups were launched, and 80 billion rubles of partnership funds were raised in nine new funds. 54 projects were completed, the average yield on them reached 15.5%. RUSNANO’s portfolio companies paid over 152 billion rubles in tax payments, while spending 46.9 billion rubles on research and development.
The TASS special project will tell you about the 13 coolest technologies and projects that have emerged thanks to the RUSNANO Group.
Mikron produces 4 billion microcircuits annually
Modern information technologies are based on the use of microelectronic systems. To paraphrase the well-known maxim, we can say that today whoever makes nanoscale chips controls the world. There are less than a dozen countries that own such technologies in the world, including Russia, thanks in part to the partnership between RUSNANO and the Mikron Company.
Photo: PJSC Mikron’s press service.
Today Mikron is the largest Russian manufacturer and exporter of microelectronics, a center of expertise and a technology leader in the domestic semiconductor industry. The company produces more than 4 billion chips a year and provides 54% of the export of Russian microelectronics.
Currently, the development of digital technologies is changing the microelectronics market and creates a demand for a wide variety of microcircuits, most of which are technologically possible to produce in Russia. A significant contribution to this current opportunity was made several years ago with the help of RUSNANO.
Baikal-M is domestic processor with 28 nm topology
Ten years ago, the words “domestic computer processor” were a cause for ridicule. At that time, few believed that something competitive in this area could be created in Russia.
But the Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs of RUSNANO Group was brave enough to believe! Soon after it established the T-Nano Nanotechnology Centre. The “Baikal Electronics” company, whose specialists were developing integrated circuits and System-on-a-Chip circuits based on architectures ARM and MIPS, became the new resident of this Centre.
In 2020, Baikal-M was the basis for:
- the first motherboard based on a domestic processor by the Edelweiss company and the developers of the line of domestic operating systems of the Alt company;
- the first touchscreen monoblock on the Russian Edelweiss company processor;
- Graviton by 3Logic monoblock;
- a computer based on the Baikal-M processor by Depo Electronics;
- an information kiosk under the control of the Aurora mobile OS, produced at the BytErg domestic production base.
The first MIPS-based Baikal-T processor first appeared in 2015. Four years later, production of the Russian Baikal-M CPUs with eight 64-bit ARM cores at up to 1.5 GHz and an eight-core graphics processor with up to 700 MHz began.
According to the results of independent tests by CNews, Baikal-M surpassed Intel chips in terms of several performance indicators. The first Russian desktop supercomputer by Hamster Robotics is based on Baikal-T.
Wind Energy and Associated Equipment
1.8 GW—Project Portfolio of the Wind Energy Development Fund
Anatoly Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board of RUSNANO Management Company: “Today we can confidently state that the national wind energy project as well as its localization in Russia have been fully implemented.”
Wide introduction of power generation based on renewable energy sources (RES) is nowadays a key factor for development of the global energy sector.
At the very beginning, RUSNANO joined the efforts to create an RES industry in the country. In 2017, the Wind Energy Development Fund was formed in cooperation with the Finnish company Fortum. The first result was the launch of a 50 MW industrial wind power plant in the Ulyanovsk region.
As of this moment, 400 MW of the Fund’s total 1.8 GW are based on RES.
Wind turbines in Ulyanovsk WPS. Photo: RUSNANO’s press service.
Simultaneously, RUSNANO in partnership with the world leader in the field of wind turbine production, the Danish company Vestas, has set up enterprises for the production of blades for wind turbines in Ulyanovsk, towers in Taganrog and gondolas in Nizhny Novgorod region. Wind turbine blades and towers produced at these enterprises have no analogues in Russia. Since the beginning of 2019, 300 composite blades have been produced in Ulyanovsk, which are enough for the construction of 100 wind turbines with a total capacity of about 400 MW.
Unique Solar Panels
23.5%—one of the best efficiency indicators in the world
Anatoly Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board of RUSNANO Management Company: “Russia had no renewable or solar energy before. And today there is an entire factory, producing Hevel solar panels.”
Russia is one of the 15 countries capable of producing equipment for solar power plants. Established with the participation of RUSNANO Group, Hevel is the only Russian manufacturer of full cycle solar batteries, from cells and modules to industrial power plants. The total capacity of the power plants already built by Hevel is 711 MW.
The Hevel plant in Novocheboksarsk (Republic of Chuvashia) was the first in the country to start serial production of modules for solar power plants, its capacity—350 MW of modules per year.
SES inspection by drones. Photo: Hevel Group.
The plant produces unique Russian modular systems based on heterostructural technology. The average efficiency of these modules amounts to 23.5%. Thanks to them, Hevel is among the top-5 solar panel manufacturers in the world.
The modules were created in the Scientific and Technical Center of Thin Film Technologies in Energy. For the development of this technology, the team of authors was awarded the Russian Government Prize for Science and Technology in 2018.
Batteries for Transport and Energy
Liotech batteries are used by 200 electric buses in 14 cities
Anatoly Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board of RUSNANO Management Company: “I am convinced that following the renewable energy sector, we will soon see an active spread of smart energy storage systems based on lithium-ion batteries in power grids, railway and water transport, to create uninterruptible power supply for enterprises.”
Hundreds of electric buses and trolleybuses on lithium-ion batteries of the Novosibirsk company Liotech, created by RUSNANO, travel along the Russian roads. Liotech is the only industrial manufacturer of lithium-ion batteries in Russia. The capacity of the plant totals 128 MWh of batteries per year. The main fields of application are electric transport and power engineering.
In 2019, Liotech developed energy storage systems for the Hevel solar power plant in the Republic of Bashkortostan. Liotech battery cells as a part of energy storage are already used in hybrid power plants—in Menza village in Zabaikalsky region, in Elbesa village in Gornaya Shoria, at the power plant of Almazy Anabara JSC in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), as well as in the Republic of Tyva in Mugur-Aksy and Kyzyl-Khaya villages.
Photo: RUSNANO’s press service.
RUSNANO and Energosistemy intend to work together to build five autonomous hybrid power plants in the area of decentralized energy supply of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) using the system of energy storage based on Liotech lithium-ion batteries. The power system of Liotech has already been successfully tested and is being operated at the unique mining electric locomotive in the Internatsionalny Mine (Alrosa).
Transmashholding, Russian Railways and RUSNANO signed an agreement on the creation of environmentally friendly shunting locomotives using a hybrid drive based on lithium-ion storage batteries for operation at passenger stations of large cities. Over 130 such locomotives can be built in the next six years.
By the end of 2020, RUSNANO, together with Russian Railways and Rusenergosbyt, will install energy storage systems on the Volkhovstroy-Babaevo section of the Oktyabrskaya railroad, where coal is transported from Kuzbass to Ust-Luga. It is planned that the realization of this project will increase the capacity of the site by almost 40%.
High Power Gas Turbine
GTD-110M efficiency at the level of the best world analogues >36%
Several years ago, three major Russian
Yury Udaltsov, Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Management Company RUSNANO LLC: “It was crucial to create a separate team that would be able to act as a customer on this project. Making sure the partners would agree on this, to put together the money and equipment to hire this team and ensure its correct dialogue with all partners—was our role.”
Large capacity gas turbines are the main equipment at thermal power plants. Before the appearance of GTD-110M such power machines were not produced in Russia in series—such equipment had to be purchased either from other countries or produced using foreign technologies.
The resulting turbine was unique and had no Russian analogues in the 90–130 MW class. By its characteristics it is by no means inferior to imported gas turbine engines of famous manufacturers such as Siemens or General Electric.
GTD-110M gas power turbine. Photo: UEC-Saturn PJSC
The efficiency of GTD-110M is 36%, while that of General Electric turbine of a similar capacity—33-34%, and that of Siemens turbine—36.5%. At the same time, by its weight and overall dimensions, the Russian turbine is almost one and a half or two times smaller, which is very important when transporting it to the power plant site.
GTD-110M has already confirmed its quality in practice—all types of tests and pilot operations were carried out at Ivanovo CCPPs, where the turbine’s operating time was more than 5,700 equivalent hours.
In February of this year, as part of the United Engine Corporation, there appeared the enterprise “ODK—High Power Turbines”, which will engage in serial production and distribution of GTD-110M to the customer, as well as repair and maintenance services throughout the life cycle of the new turbine.
Early Diagnosis of Oncology
16 existing PET/CI centers >180,000 tests conducted
Anatoly Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board of RUSNANO Management Company: “We were the first in the country to start creating a regional network of centers of nuclear medicine that focuses on diagnosis in oncology.”
The fight against cancer is one of the key areas of the National Project “Healthcare”. Without the investment of private funds and the efforts of innovative business, it will not be possible to achieve the development of modern medicine in Russia, capable of controlling cancer. And one of the main problems is detecting the disease at its early stages.
RUSNANO has been able to transfer advanced medical technologies for diagnosis and treatment of cancer to Russia. PET-Technology Company, which RUSNANO successfully exited in 2018, has established the country’s first national network of nuclear medicine centers. At present, there are 16 PET/CT diagnostic centers, where 90% of trials are conducted free of charge under the obligatory medical insurance policy.
Beginning of PET/CT-scanning procedure, Ekaterinburg. Photo: RUSNANO’s press service.
PET/CT method is a common standard in diagnostics, used in more than 100 countries of the world. As part of the initiative, there are two radiopharmaceutical production facilities in the cities of Ufa and Yelets equipped with cyclotron complexes, laboratories for synthesis of radiopharmaceuticals, and “CyberKnife” (a stereotactic radiosurgery treatment system).
Since the opening of the first PET-Technology Center in 2014, the network has carried out PET/CT diagnostics for more than 180,000 patients, and more than 1.8 thousand people were treated with a CyberKnife.
MedInvestGroup, which now owns PET-Technology, plans to open 40 PET/CT centers and eight production sites by 2024, which by 2025 will make available an advanced diagnostic system for over 40 million people in Russia.
OCSiAI occupies more than 90% of the world
Anatoly Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board of RUSNANO Management Company: “Before our very eyes, a startup from Novosibirsk Akademgorodok, which essentially began with one very ambitious idea: to create a completely new material of the future, has grown into a global market leader with its industrial-scale technologies for production of graphene nanotubes. And in 2019, it became the first and, for now, only 'unicorn' in the material based sector in our country.”
In February of this year, OCSiAl, RUSNANO’s portfolio company, announced the launch of a new graphene nanotube synthesis unit Graphetron 50. This launch made OCSiAl the owner of 90% of the world’s graphene nanotubes production facilities. Several years ago RUSNANO believed in the prospects of technology created by domestic scientists, and became the first external investor of OCSiAl.
The company has established production of single wall carbon nanotubes with unique for the world market technical and economic characteristics (the product contains up to 99% single wall carbon nanotubes). The technology developed by OCSiAl made it possible to bring the production of single wall carbon nanotubes to the industrial level and for the first time in the world made their mass introduction economically feasible.
OCSiAl produced its first batch of 1.2 tonnes of graphene nanotubes in 2015, using their Graphetron 1.0 unit. The construction of Graphetron 50 began in Novosibirsk in 2016, at a cost of 1.3 billion rubles. The first Graphetron 1.0 now produces 30 tonnes a year, and the second one—Graphetron 50—produces 50 tonnes of nanotubes a year, both sold on the international market under the brand TUBALL.
TUBALL nanotubes. Photo: Press-service of OCSiAl
OCSiAl products—single wall carbon nanotubes—are universal nanomodifiers that improve mechanical properties, as well as electrical and thermal conductivity of various materials (rubbers, composites, polymers and others). A few years after the launch of the project OCSiAl became the first company worth more than $1 billion in the RUSNANO portfolio, its revenue in 2019 exceeded $14 million. Since 2014 OCSiAl has shown annual doubling of revenue, and in 2019 the company entered the global lists of the “unicorn” companies of Crunchbase and CB Insights with a capitalization of more than 1 billion dollars. OCSiAl managed not only to implement a unique synthesis technology that has no analogues in the world, but also to offer manufacturers ready-made industrial solutions in the form of suspensions and concentrates based on nanotubes developed at the Materials Prototyping Center in Novosibirsk.
Production facilities and research base in Novosibirsk. Photo: Press-service of OCSiAl
The company’s customers include leading manufacturers of tires, silicones, polyurethanes, plastic, composites and equipment for the mining industry.
The biggest benefit from using OCSiAl nanotubes will be in electric cars: the cars’ bodies will be lighter, the batteries will be more energy efficient and durable, their range will be greater, and rubber will reduce rolling resistance. The use of TUBALL can make electric vehicles more than 50% more energy-efficient, dealing a serious blow to the internal combustion engine’s dominance of the market.
Today, Russian OCSiAl is the only company that owns a scalable industrial technology for the production of single wall carbon nanotubes, which allows to produce them at an affordable price for the market.
OCSiAl sells its nanotubes worldwide through regional offices and representative offices in Russia, USA, Luxembourg, Germany, China, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, India, Mexico, Australia.
Production capacity of 4 thousand square meters of thin-film electronics
Anatoly Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board of RUSNANO Management Company: “Flexible electronics is a global trend and a fast-growing market that, according to a study by international experts, will double over the next decade and will be worth more than $70 billion a year. And thanks to RUSNANO Group’s and Government of Moscow’s joint project to create the Russian Flexible Electronics Centre, our country has now joined this club.”
In March 2020, RUSNANO opened the Russian Flexible Electronics Center (RFEC) at the TechnoSpark Nanotechnology Center. The RFEC will be engaged in the development and small-scale production of flexible components for a variety of electronic devices. Flexible electronics is a platform technology that provides access to a wide range of possible applications and markets. Only five countries, including Russia, have experience in creating and developing products based on flexible electronics technology.
The Center is engaged in prototyping and manufacturing of transistor matrices and flexible integrated circuits based on thin-film plastic electronics for a wide range of radio electronic components—EPD, LCD, and OLED screens, biometric sensors, X-ray detectors, radio frequency tags and sensors.
Photo: press service of TechnoSpark Group.
The RFEC has localized the technology for manufacturing flexible organic TFT-matrices developed by FlexEnable (United Kingdom). RUSNANO plans to complete the transfer of the technologies used in the production of flexible oxide-based (or IGZO—Indium Gallium Zink Oxide) TFT matrices and integrated circuits from two R&D centres, IMEC, in Belgium, and the Holst Centre, in the Netherlands, by 2021.
When reaching the design capacity, the production volume will be 25,000 backings per year, which amounts to about 4 thousand square meters of TFT electronics. In terms of their potential application, this is equivalent to 1.5 million TFT matrices for small screens (digital price tags or smart cards), or 100,000 TFT matrices for tablet-sized displays, or 100,000 TFT matrices for palm-sized sensors for biometric authentication, or 100 million plastic chips for RFID tags.
Over 7 mln km produced
Anatoly Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board of RUSNANO Management Company: “Among RUSNANO’s portfolio companies that could provide a component base for the 'Internet of Things' is Russia’s first fiber plant in Saransk, launched jointly with Gazprombank.”
In September this year, the first and so far the only plant in the country for the production of optical fiber, owned by JSC “Optical Fiber Systems”, RUSNANO portfolio company, celebrated its fifth anniversary.
The plant produces two types of telecommunication optical fibers—standard mainline fiber for communication systems and low bending loss fiber for local networks. Similar products are made in only four countries—Japan, USA, China and Russia.
Thanks to RUSNANO’s investments, the company was built from nothing in the city of Saransk (Republic of Mordovia) and since the deployment of large-scale production has produced 7 million kilometers of optical fiber, has mastered five types of products, which is supplied to more than 80 clients in 14 countries. In 2018, exports accounted for 57% of total revenue of JSC “Optical Fiber Systems”.
Production facilities. Photo: press service of JSC “Optical Fiber Systems”.
The company’s products are certified in Russia and their quality is confirmed within the framework of joint testing programs with Russian and foreign partners such as Sumitomo Electric Industries, Rostelecom, MegaFon, MTS, Transneft.
According to the certification results, the Russian optical fiber, along with the fibers of three leading world manufacturers Corning, OFS and Fujikura, is allowed for use on the networks of the largest Russian telecommunications operators, Rostelecom and MTS.
Manufacture of Biopharmaceuticals
Produced in a year:
- 4 billion tablets
- 250 million capsules
- 37 million vials
- 42 million filled in syringes
Scientists around the world are working to create cutting-edge medicines that will defeat many serious diseases, enhance natural protection against various pathogens, and make medical therapy safer.
One of the Russian developers of such medicines is Nanolek Company, established with the participation of RUSNANO and specializing in the production of innovative and biotechnological medicines.
Anatoly Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board of RUSNANO Management Company: “Production of innovative pharmaceuticals in Russia, meeting the medical standards of the 21st century, is one of the key priorities of RUSNANO. In today’s market, when the availability of imported drugs has significantly decreased, technology transfer and localization of production in Russia are becoming not just economically meaningful, but for many—a matter of life and death.”
Investments of RUSNANO allowed to establish in Kirov region the production of drugs from the group of statins, antihypertensive and antihistamines, as well as drugs to reduce the risk of thrombosis and improve blood microcirculation. In November 2016 the production of vaccines and other biotechnological medicines was launched.
Nanolek production facilities. Photo: Nanolek’s press service.
The complex provides for the use of several full-cycle manufacturing technologies:
- production of cytostatic drugs in solid and injectable dosage forms
- biotechnology products in syringes and vials
- manufacture of solid dosage forms.
The manufacturing site of Nanolek is a state-of-the-art technological complex, created according to GMP and ISO standards and consisting of three autonomous process buildings with advanced high-technology equipment.
For prevention and therapy of socially important diseases Nanolek produces vaccines, cardiological and cardiovascular drugs, medicines for HIV, viral hepatitis, cancer and rheumatology. In 2021, the company intends to start a joint production with Janssen (Johnson & Johnson Group’s pharmaceutical products division) of a drug used in the treatment of myeloma.
Besides, Nanolek together with Efferon has started manufacturing two new medical products for extracorporeal therapy—sorption columns for cytokine storm syndrome and acute respiratory distress syndrome therapy and for sepsis and septic shock therapy.
In 2019, RUSNANO sold its share in the company’s capital. The proceeds from the sales doubled the amount of the previously made investments to reach RUB 2.35 bln.
Intelligent Security Systems
Sheremetyevo Airport uses over 4,500 cameras with ELVEES-NeoTek video analytics function
In 2011, with the participation of RUSNANO, JSC Elvees-NeoTek was established, which over time has become a leading developer and manufacturer of high-tech security systems using image recognition, computer vision, radar, video and thermal imaging.
Photo: Press service of JSC “Elvees-NeoTek”
The company’s clients include Gazprom, Transneft, Samsung, Thales, Techno, ITPS, the National Defense Control Center of the Russian Federation, as well as international airports, commercial seaports, hydroelectric power plants and others.
For the first time in Russia, specialists of Elvees-NeoTek produced a VIP-1 processor, only 40 nanometers large. With its use, computer vision systems and analysts are able to distinguish and classify any objects: people, animals, luggage, inscriptions, cars.
The areas of use of such systems are very broad—from ensuring security of strategic objects to counting the number of buyers in the shopping center and monitoring their preferences.
In the spring of 2020, Elvees-NeoTek developed the Rubezh-T system of automatic temperature measurement and control of citizens’ movement for continuous monitoring of the temperature condition of people in places of mass congestion in real time and for control of movement of people with potentially dangerous symptoms.
Robots by the Promobot Company are supplied to 40 different countries
Don’t be surprised, if while visiting the supermarket or hotel in one of the foreign countries you happen to meet a Russian robot—guide or administrator. A whole family of autonomous service robots of Promobot Perm Company are already used in 40 countries as administrators, promoters, consultants, guides, concierges and even security guards.
Promobot, a portfolio company of the Far Eastern High Technology Fund, established by RUSNANO, the Far East and Arctic Development Fund and RVC, has become the largest manufacturer of autonomous robotic systems for Russia and the countries of Northern and Eastern Europe.
Promobot V.4. Photo: press service of Promobot.
The Promobot V.4 model is equipped with artificial intelligence, communicates with people, recognizes faces and speech, and moves independently, avoiding obstacles. The robot is fully autonomous, requiring no control from the human side. It connects to any external system: databases, security system, sites and services.
One of the robots got a job as a consultant at Lider Hiper supermarket of Walmart retailer in Santiago, the capital of Chile. Promobot consults the customers of the store in Spanish, Portuguese and English and helps to navigate the largest supermarket, it remembers 120 thousand trade positions in the store, their location, prices for goods, terms of promotions and special offers.
Promobots can be found at Sberbank, the Museum of Contemporary History of Russia, MFC, Baltimore-Washington Airport, Dubai Mall.
Thermocontrol Terminal. Photo: press service of Promobot.
One of the latest developments of the company is Thermocontrol terminals, used for automatic non-contact body temperature measurement. Today, this technology is already used for the protection of personnel around the world: the demand for it is explained by the high accuracy of measurement up to 0.2 degrees, the average speed of measurement in five seconds and the ability to work without human intervention.