RUSNANO Transfers Russian Representative Powers to Kurchatov Institute in XFEL Project
In accordance with the RF Government decree of May 18, RUSNANO transfers its shares in the international European X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) project to the National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute.
The XFEL X-ray laser is a unique research project involving 11 countries. The facility will generate femtosecond flashes of high-energy radiation, which will allow scientists to investigate the structure of biological molecules and a variety of materials, and monitor ultrafast biological and chemical processes. The X-ray laser is composed of an electron accelerator and undulators (magnets) which will deflect the electrons from the rectilinear trajectories, thereby causing the emission of synchrotron radiation.
The decision to create the facility was made in April 2009. The construction of the six-kilometre system of tunnels and underground experimental halls for the XFEL is already finished. Now, the experimental equipment is being installed on the site. It is expected that the first experiments at XFEL will begin in April 2017.
In 2009, Russia became one of the 11 participating countries; it was represented by JSC “RUSNANO”, whose share in the capital of the European XFEL GmbH totalled 26.24 percent. By order of the Government of the Russian Federation, RUSNANO invested on behalf of Russia in the construction of the XFEL, and in turn, the Kurchatov Institute carried out the scientific management of the project. The collaboration between RUSNANO and the Kurchatov Institute not only facilitated the participation of Russian researchers in shaping of the XFEL research program, but also created orders for Russian companies for the equipment and materials needed for the construction of the facility.
As the project moves from the construction stage to the actual solving of operational issues, the Russian government decided to transfer the powers in the project from RUSNANO to the National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute.
The Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs was established in 2010 in accordance with Federal Law No. 211-FZ “On reorganization of the Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies.” The Fund aims to develop the innovative infrastructure in the sphere of nanotechnology and implement the educational and infrastructure programs already started by RUSNANO.
The supreme collegial management body of the Fund is the Supervisory Board. Under the Fund’s Charter, the competence of the Supervisory Council, in particular, includes the issues of determining the priority directions of the Fund’s activity, as well as its strategy and budget. The Chairman of the Fund’s Executive Board, the collegial management body, is the Chairman of the Board of Management Company RUSNANO LLC Anatoly Chubais; the Chief Executive Officer of the Fund is Andrey Svinarenko.