Educational Programs Have Been Prepared for the Professionals in Nanostructured Cast Irons and Oncologists
The RUSNANO’s Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs supported the development of two training programs: the first one for professionals in the production of nanostructured cast iron products; the second teaches oncologists the methods of point control against tumors of the liver, spleen, pancreas or prostate glands, adrenal glands, and other parenchymatous organs. The developers shared their experience with representatives of the teams, who are now working on other training programs for business. The winners of the annual eNano contest for the best electronic course prepared as part of educational programs were awarded here.
The program of professional development in the technology for the manufacture of products from nanostructured high-quality cast iron of special grades was developed by the Petrozavodsk State University (PetrSU). The training was initiated by the Petrozavodskmash Foundry, and the St. Petersburg Tiksomet was the technology partner in the program creation.
Tatiana Ekimova, the Head of the Author’s Development Team and Acting Head of the Solid Body Physics Department at the PetrSU Institute of Physics and Technology, explained the need for the program by the fact that the foundry industry feels a significant staffing hunger, the existing specialists are approaching retirement age, and the production is faced with the task of switching to new technologies, without which it is impossible to ensure the competitiveness of domestic products. The specificity of the Petrozavodskmash Foundry is that casters there have to deal with products weighing 25 tons or more. “It is very costly to experiment in such a situation, computer simulation is required,” said Tatyana Ekimova.
The program duration is 308 hours. It involves advanced training of specialists in three categories:
- research engineers of castings from nanostructured high-quality cast iron of special grades; their task is to evaluate product quality at the structural level, using data from mechanical tests, estimates of elemental composition and independently conducted metallographic analysis;
- using computer modeling, design engineers will be taught to predict the characteristics and structure of the casting based on given parameters;
- to prevent defects, design engineers will be familiarized with process adjustment schemes based on the results of intermediate control.
One of the results of the joint work of the enterprises and the university has been the creation of the PetrSU Base Department at the foundry. Two laboratories are already working at it: qualitative and quantitative metallography, as well as mathematical modeling of thermal processes of castings crystallization. It is planned to conduct joint research and introduce promising developments into the production process, the participation of the company’s experts in the training process. The participants of the existing consortium are planning to prepare changes to the existing GOSTs and make a software product, with which the analysis of the metal structure will be able to predict the mechanical properties of the product and the equipment operational life, which is very important for the nuclear industry, for the Far North regions where the technology is functioning in aggressive environments.
PetrSU has already introduced in the content of the main training course for students the basic developments under the new program.
The program of professional development “Methods of local destruction of tumors of parenchymal organs” was developed by the Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry (MSUMD). Customers of the program and technology partners in implementation thereof were the Elatom Instrument-Making Plant, the manufacturer of medical equipment (developer of the cryodestruction device), and Elsim, LLC (developer of the domestic equipment for electrical power, analogous to the foreign gamma knife). Leading professionals of the National Medical Research Center for Surgery named after A.V. Vishnevsky, the Pirogov National Medical and Surgical Center, and the A.S. Loginov Moscow Clinical Scientific Centre were involved in the development of the program.
The relevance of the program is related to the implementation of the National Health Maintenance project, which involves the modernization of the technical support of medical organizations and training of personnel capable of working with new equipment. A fifth of those in need of palliative care are the patients with parenchymatous tumors in liver, spleen, pancreas or prostate glands, and adrenal glands. For example, in the structure of oncological diseases, pancreatic cancer is 3.3%. In the ten years (2005-2015), the cases of its detection among men increased by 9.4%, and among women—by 15.0%, and in 40% of the patients by the time of diagnosis, cancer already metastasizes.
The program is aimed at filling the qualification deficits of surgeons, oncologists, and urologists in the field of palliative surgical care for patients with oncopathology. It provides for training physicians in the use of domestic cryo-destruction equipment. “The program has a modular structure, includes video lectures and workshops, seminars, and laboratory-practical classes. During the practice on the partner-provided equipment, physicians perform surgeries on biomodels,” said Svetlana Denisova, the employee of the laboratory of molecular cellular pathology at the MSUMD Research Medical and Dental Institute. Students will be able to master the theoretical part of the course on the job, remotely, accompanied by a tutor.
At the Fund’s working meeting on the exchange of experience of developers of educational programs, the experience of creating a professional development program in the field of the thermoelectric generator and cooling devices based on nanostructured thermoelectrics of the Voronezh State Technical University was also presented. “Such events are very important,” said Stanislav Nisimov, Deputy Director and Head of the FIOP Educational Programs Implementation Area. “Participants need not just to talk about the project, but share the analysis of the results thereof, the approaches to solving arising problems, get to know other development teams and 'take into account' their successful practices.”
The meeting ended with the diploma delivery to the winners of the annual eNano Choice Contest for the best electronic training course (ETC) developed as part of the educational program. In 2019, the winners were:
3rd place: the Voronezh Institute of High Technologies for the electronic training course (ETC) of the Internet of Things professional development program;
2nd place: the MSUMD for the ETC of the professional development program “The use of molecular genetic markers for early diagnosis of prostate cancer” (for the second time the MSUMD receives such an eNano diploma);
1st place: the Bauman Moscow State Technical University for the ETC of educational programs in the field of wind energy.
“In this way, we would like to recognize those university teams that made the electronic courses at a good level and wish them success in their future work,” said Igor Valdman, Director General of ANO eNano. According to him, each remote course should have the widest possible range of application, so that no forces and means invested in the creation thereof have ever been lost.
The Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs was established in 2010 in accordance with Federal Law No. 211-FZ “On reorganization of the Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies.” The Fund aims to develop the innovative infrastructure in the sphere of nanotechnology and implement the educational and infrastructure programs already started by RUSNANO.
The supreme collegial management body of the Fund is the Supervisory Board. Under the Fund’s Charter, the competence of the Supervisory Council, in particular, includes the issues of determining the priority directions of the Fund’s activity, as well as its strategy and budget. The Chairman of the Fund’s Executive Board, the collegial management body, is the Chairman of the Board of Management Company RUSNANO LLC Anatoly Chubais; the Chief Executive Officer of the Fund is Andrey Svinarenko.